Settlement agreements are an effective way of resolving disputes between employer and employee; people and businesses. It is also known as a compromise agreement. It allows the parties to settle a dispute confidentially and out of court.
Generally, disputes end up in reconciliation or compromise by way of negotiation or various forms of alternate dispute resolutions. Once the parties reach a compromise, they record the terms of the settlement in writing and have all the parties sign it to ensure the settlement agreement is binding.
A settlement agreement is a legally binding contract that ensures the full and final settlement of all the claims one party has against the other for a consideration received from the other party.
Simply put, under a settlement agreement, compensation payment is made by one party to the other and in exchange, the other party agrees to waive any claims associated with the dispute.
Some of the most common types of the settlement agreements are:
As the name suggests, the purpose of the agreement is to settle the dispute once and for all without taking any legal action in the court.
The traditional ways of resolving disputes such as litigation are stressful, time-consuming and costly. Nowadays, it is preferred to reach a compromise out of court and record it in the form of a settlement agreement. They are a quick alternative to resolve disputes in the manner beneficial to both the parties. Once the compromise is reached, it is only a matter of drawing up an agreement and record the settlement terms which doesn’t take more than a few days.
Settlement agreements are like any other contracts. Therefore, the essential requirements for a contract to be valid and enforceable naturally apply i.e. there must an offer, acceptance, consideration, an intention to create legal creations, party's capacity to enter into a contract and certainty on the essential terms of the contract.
To understand the essential requirements for a valid contract, read more at:
When parties decide to settle a dispute, there are a few key provisions that must be included in the settlement agreement:
(a) Payment terms: the amount and the timeline for making payments
(b) Scope of settlement: enlist all the terms of settlement to avoid any ambiguity
(c) Waiver: enlist all the claims the party that are settled/released and by claims that are reserved
(d) Confidentiality: if the parties are supposed to keep the settlement terms confidential
(e) Legal costs: if a party is liable to pay for the legal costs incurred by the other party for instance solicitor fees for seeking legal advise on the settlement agreement
(f) Breach of contract: what are the consequences of a breach of contract?
(g)Execution of contract: the parties have the requisite authority to sign the agreement.
No, the settlement agreements are completely voluntary. The terms must be agreed to by the parties and no party can be forced to sign a settlement agreement.
1. Employment Settlement Agreement
An employment settlement agreement is a legally binding agreement between the employer and employee whereby the employee agrees to settle all employment claims against the employer usually in return for financial compensation.
In simple terms, the employee agrees not to pursue any claim against the employer in the employment tribunal after signing the settlement agreement. It is a means for settling an employer-employee dispute in the manner mutually agreed by them.
The settlement agreement records the terms and conditions of the settlement reached between the parties. Some of the key elements of the agreement are:
Pursuing a claim in an employment tribunal can be expensive and time-consuming plus there is always a risk of losing claim in the tribunal. While a settlement agreement benefits both the employer and employee as the settlement terms are mutually agreed upon by the parties.
For an employer, it gives an opportunity to get rid of a troublesome employee with the assurance that no claim will be made by the employee in the employment tribunal after termination of employment. Also, terms of the settlement will remain confidential between the employer and employee.
For an employee, it gives the employee more control over the outcome of the settlement as the terms are mutually agreed upon. In fact, it may be more beneficial for the employee as he may demand a good reference letter from the employer, which will help in looking for a potential employer; and also it might result in a better financial payment than what will come out of from a claim in an employment tribunal.
In order to ensure the settlement agreement is legally binding, it is mandatory for the employee to have the agreement reviewed by a qualified lawyer/solicitor and receive a certificate to confirm that he/she received the requisite legal advice on the terms of the settlement.
The employee must receive independent legal advice on the:
It is important that the legal advice is received from an independent advisor for the advice and the settlement agreement to be valid.
2. Debt Settlement Agreement/Letter
The debt settlement agreement is a contract signed between a debtor and creditor to settle a debt. "Debtor" means any person who owes money, and "creditor" means any person who is owed the money. Under a debt settlement agreement, the creditor agrees to receive a one-time payment as a full and final settlement of the entire debt and loses all claims associated with the remaining debt.
In the context of debt, debtors sometimes try to pay off debts in less than the full amount by way of "full and final settlement". If a debtor is unable to pay the debt, he/she may offer to the creditor a lump sum amount as “full and final settlement" of the entire balance the debtor owed on the debt. In exchange for a one-time payment, the creditor would agree to write off the remaining debt.
The "full and final settlement" trap is often used by the debtor, where the debtor makes a written or oral statement that the payment now settles the entire debt. It can also take a more formal form, such as the small print at the bottom of a remittance statement stating that the partial repayment is the “full and final settlement”. If the creditor accepts a payment made at the same time, one may be deemed to have accepted a "write-off" offer on the remaining debt.
Is it beneficial for a creditor?
As a creditor, you will need to respond to a full and final settlement very carefully. In relation to a debt, you should assess the debtor's ability to pay before agreeing to any full and final settlement or payment from the debtor. In case of a claim, you should also assess the merit of your case and the possibility of you winning a recovery claim in the court /arbitration tribunal and recovering the full amount before accepting a full and final settlement of all claims.
A debt settlement can be agreed upon in the form of an agreement or a simple letter. It should state the outstanding balance owed to the creditor, the amount agreed as the full and final settlement of the debt, and payment terms such as mode of payment, schedule for making the payment and consequences of default/delay in payment.
DocPro offers the following settlement template:
Debt Settlement Letter template - This letter to the creditor can be used by a debtor, whereby a debtor is looking to request a new discounted repayment amount on outstanding debt.
Private settlement after a traffic accident has become a preferred option to settle the damages and injury than filing a police report or pursuing a claim in the court.
Under a private settlement, the party at fault pays compensation for the damages suffered by the injured party and releases the party at fault from all claims associated with the accident.
Is the traffic accident settlement agreement/letter binding?
Yes, the settlement agreements are a binding contract and the injured party loses the legal rights to seek damages in court. Therefore, it is advisable to seek legal advice before agreeing to enter in a settlement agreement as the chances of invalidating the agreement later are minimal.
What to include in a settlement agreement/letter?
Again, it can be in the form of simple letter or an agreement. Either way, it should state the name and contact details of the parties (at fault and injured party); compensation amount ; details of the accident (date/time/location); and that both the parties will not make any police report of the accident and not claim any compensation from the insurance company.
DocPro offers the following settlement templates:
Traffic Accident Full and Final Settlement Agreement (Neutral - No Personal Injury) - This template is drafted in neutral form i.e. both parties confirm that no personal injury is involved in the accident and neither party will make a complaint to the Police.
Traffic Accident Full and Final Settlement Agreement (Driver not at fault - No Personal Injury - This template is drafted in favour of the driver who is not at fault.
Traffic Accident Full and Final Settlement Agreement (Driver at fault - No Personal Injury) - This template is drafted in favour of the driver at fault and will be fully released from all claims.
Postnuptial agreements have become quite common amongst couples after marriage. It enables them to decide or settle matters relating to their financial rights and asset ownership in the event of a divorce. A postnuptial settlement can help to speed up the divorce proceedings and protect the wealth of the parties thereto.
Are Postnuptial agreements legally binding?
Yes, the postnuptial agreements are binding and enforceable. However, they are not always upheld as the courts can be quite strict about how the agreement should be drafted and signed by the parties. For instance, a pre-nuptial agreement may be nulifilled if:
Therefore, it is advisable to seek advice from a qualified lawyer/solicitor particularly to understand the legalities of a postnuptial settlement agreement especially the state legal requirements, if any.
Generally, the agreement covers matters relating to child custody, property ownership, spousal support, support for children in the event of divorce.
DocPro offers the following settlement template:
Post Nuptial Financial Agreement - Full and Final Settlement (No Child) - The agreement sets out how the ownership of the cohabitation property is to be transferred, the tax arrangement and also releasing each other's right to make an application in relation to the estate of the other.
5. Intellectual Property Settlement Agreements
Settlement agreements can also be entered between the parties to resolve disputes relating to intellectual property rights. It is a quick way of resolving infringement matters over the traditional process of filing administrative complaints and litigation in courts.
In the case of copyright infringement, the settlement agreement is executed between the beneficial owner of the copyright and the party who has allegedly infringed the copyright. The agreement
Also, trademark co-existence disputes can be settled by way of settlement agreements. For instance, the parties may agree to allow their respective trademarks to co-exist and agree to not to oppose or challenge the trademark registration application
DocPro offers the following settlement template:
Full and Final Settlement Agreement – Copyright Infringement (Artistic works) - If a settlement agreement is needed to be made between the beneficial owner of the copyright in original artistic works and the party who has allegedly infringed the copyright, this settlement agreement template may be used.
Full and Final Settlement Agreement - Trade Mark - Coexistence - Full and Final Settlement Agreement between two companies in regards to the use of trademarks owned by the first company with the application for pending similar trademarks by the second company. Second company agrees to certain conditions in return for the owner withdrawing its opposition.
Please note that this is a general guide on the most common settlement agreements. This does not constitute legal advice. As each dispute, may be different, you may want to speak to your local lawyer.
DocPro Legal is a team of legal professionals with a passion for making quality documents and legal contract templates widely available to the public through cutting edge technology. Our lawyers are qualified in numerous common law jurisdictions including the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, India, Singapore and Hong Kong. We have experience in major law firms and international banks with expertise in business, commercial, finance, banking, litigation, family, succession and company laws.
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