Risk disclosure statement in relation to investment and trading of securities, futures and options.
The following risk disclosures should be given where they apply to the expected or actual activity of the client.
1. RISK OF SECURITIES TRADING
The prices of securities fluctuate, sometimes dramatically. The price of a security may move up or down, and may become valueless. It is as likely that losses will be incurred rather than profit made as a result of buying and selling securities.
2. RISK OF TRADING FUTURES AND OPTIONS
The risk of loss in trading futures contracts or options is substantial. In some circumstances, you may sustain losses in excess of your initial margin funds. Placing contingent orders, such as "stop-loss" or "stop-limit" orders, will not necessarily avoid loss. Market conditions may make it impossible to execute such orders. You may be called upon at short notice to deposit additional margin funds. If the required funds are not provided within the prescribed time, your position may be liquidated. You will remain liable for any resulting deficit in your account. You should therefore study and understand futures contracts and options before you trade and carefully consider whether such trading is suitable in the light of your own financial position and investment objectives. If you trade options you should inform yourself of exercise and expiration procedures and your rights and obligations upon exercise or expiry.
3. RISK OF LENDING OR DEPOSITING YOUR SECURITIES WITH THIRD PARTIES
There is risk if you provide your dealer or securities margin financier with an authority that allows it to lend your securities to or deposit them with certain third parties .This is allowed only if you consent in writing.The consent must specify the period for which it is current, which cannot exceed 12 months.
You are not required by any law to sign these authorities. But an authority may be required by dealers or securities margin financiers, for example, to facilitate margin lending to the client or to allow the client’s securities to be loaned to or deposited as collateral with third parties. Your dealer or securities margin financier should explain to you the purposes for which one of these authorities is to be used.
If you sign one of these authorities and your securities are lent to or deposited with third parties, those third parties will have a lien or charge on your securities. Although your dealer or securities margin financier is responsible to you for your securities lent or deposited under the authority, a default by it could result in the loss of your securities.
A cash account not involving securities borrowing and lending is available from most dealers. If you do not require margin facilities or do not wish your securities to be lent or pledged, do not sign the above authorities and ask to open this type of cash account.
4. RISK OF PROVIDING AN AUTHORITY TO HOLD MAIL OR TO DIRECT MAIL TO THIRD PARTIES
If you provide your dealer or securities margin financier with an authority to hold mail or to direct mail to third parties, it is important for you to promptly collect in person all contract notes and statements of your account and review them in detail to ensure that any anomalies or mistakes can be detected in a timely fashion.
5. RISK OF MARGIN TRADING
The risk of loss in financing a transaction by deposit of collateral is significant. You may sustain losses in excess of your cash and any other assets deposited as collateral with the dealer or securities margin financier. Market conditions may make it impossible to execute contingent orders, such as "stop-loss" or "stop-limit" orders. You may be called upon at short notice to make additional margin deposits or interest payments. If the required margin deposits or interest payments are not made within the prescribed time, your collateral may be liquidated without your consent. Moreover, you will remain liable for any resulting deficit in your account and interest charged on your account. You should therefore carefully consider whether such a financing arrangement is suitable in light of your own financial position and investment objectives.
The following additional risk disclosure concerning futures and options trading may be provided to clients if registered persons so desire.
risk disclosure statement,
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